Reconstructive Memory

Memory is so relevant, that we want to make this so concrete and have a solid understanding that it is so ever changing. Some of the ways in which memory has been thought of in the legal context. Memory is reconstruction and the law are the topics that will help us figure out why the decisions we make are based on peoples memories. Imagine that you are someone that works as a traffic guard, so what you are supposed to do to understand everything is how to reconstruct memory and how it leads up to this. Trying to imagine the events that leads up to this situation. So, the actuality is that stuff that was left by an event and assumptions that they are arriving at based on what they say. Interrogated by a subject. We make some assumptions, and we reconstruct the accidents. Sir Francis Bartlett says that memory itself works like this. This is also considered a reconstructive process. So that we experience some of the event. And later when we retrieve it, we do retrieve these little bits. We take on all of these assumptions that we have, in episodic memory. We take the assumptions, the date and what we retrieve and that is how we distinguish what is stored, versus the assumptions that have been made. We could even feel like we remember things that are not true. The first researcher that studied this was Elizabeth Loftus, her experiments worked when subjects worked on a car accident. So they saw two cars connect, running into each other. Some time passed, they were brought back into the lab and they were asked about this accident. The verb was changed. Loftus correlates everything to her courtroom associations. They were asked questions about the cars, the details specifically. The claim here is that the verbs become more and more dramatic. The speed estimate that is provided.. such as how fast was the red car going when it smashed into the blue car? It is the way you ask a question. Instead of saying hit or crashed. Are subjects being more dramatic or congruent with their response. Loftus wanted to know if they were reporting it differently or remembering it differently. So she asked people about the cars crashing, people become interrogated. Did you see any broken glass? In the controlled condition they said they saw something that did not happen , they said yes. The others said no. However, when you say smashed into the car, people will respond differently and say yes, there was broken glass. When you use a word that is more dramatic, it is a part of memory recreation.

Research on Memory and Law. This is very fascinating because Loftus and Palmer go further into talking about memory, if you look them up!


Laura Zukerman

The Goddess Bibles A Memoir By Laura Zukerman

Becoming The Goddess You Were Meant to Be

Goddess on Fire.